Budget 2018: what you need to know

Earlier this week (29 October), Chancellor Philip Hammond announced the budget for 2018. Read our handy summary, to find out if and how you’re affected.


  • The government will award an additional £20.5 billion to the National Health Service (NHS) over the next five years.
  • On top of this, an extra £2 billion will be used to improve mental health services across the country, with a new Mental Health Crisis Service being put in place in every major A&E by 2023-24.
  • For children, funds will be used to improve education on mental health, with support teams and crisis teams going into schools.
  • For adults, the NHS aims to expand Individual Placement Support, to ensure those who need it have access, benefitting 55,000 by 2023-24.
  • £10 million will go to the Armed Forces Covenant Fund, to improve mental health services for veterans.


  • Additional funds of £55 million in 2018-19 will go to the Disabled Facilities Grant, which will be used to provide home aids and adaptations.

Parental bereavement leave and pay

  • Two weeks of bereavement leave will be given to employees who lose a child under 18, or experience a stillbirth after 24 weeks of pregnancy. Parents will also be able to claim for this period.

Social Care

  • An additional £650 million was announced for English local authorities, to support elderly adults, and adults with long-term disabilities.
  • A green paper (a preliminary report of government proposals) is expected to discuss the future of social care, to create more sustainability in the years to come.

Universal credit

  • £1.7 billion pounds will go towards increasing work allowances in universal credit. This means that people with disabilities claiming universal credit will be an average of £630 better off each year.
  • The amount that households with disabilities can earn before their Universal Credit award begins to be withdrawn will be increased by £1,000 from April 2019.


  • The national minimum wage will increase from April 2019:
    • £7.38 to £7.70 per hour for 21 to 24 year olds
    • £5.90 to £6.15 per hour for 18 to 20 year olds
    • £4.20 to £4.35 per hour for 16 to 17 year olds
    • £3.70 to £3.90 per hour for apprentices
  • The personal allowance for income tax will increase to £12,500, and the higher threshold will go up to £50,00, too.

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